Diet of the Wild boar (Sus scrofa L.) inhabiting the Montpellier garrigue

Ch. Fournier-Chambrillon, D. Maillard, P. Fournier


We studied the diet of the Mediterranean Wild boar in two successive years, by analyzing 82 stomach contents collected during the hunting season (September-December) and 138 feces collected near feeding troughs during the rest of the year. The samples came from animals inhabiting a typical Mediterranean garrigue characterized by holly oak (Quercus ilex) and situated at the edge of the extensive vine-growing plain of the Hérault department. Food-habits analyses using feces and stomachs sampled during the same period yielded comparable results. The Wild boar is omnivorous, with a definite frugivorous tendancy. Plants represent 96% of the diet. The animal part(3%), however, is underestimated since snails and earthworms are quickly digested. A special investigation of the presence of mollusc mouth pieces and earthworm setae allowed us to calculate the number of individuals consumed. Wild fruits represent 57% of the annual diet, in dry weight. Among fruits holly oak acorns are the staple food (47%in dry weight over the year) and they are consumed as soon, and as long, as available. The amount of artificial food (Zea mays) is important (32% of the annual diet). Comparison of good and poor mast years showed that Wild boar may compensate a lack of acorns by feeding on grapes in the vineyards.

Full Text: PDF


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Journal of Mountain Ecology
The Journal of Mountain Ecology is an OPEN ACCESS peer reviewed journal published by the Gran Paradiso National Park.